Beti Bachao Beti Padhao: India is in a state of denial

December 2017

The records on the ground indicate that BBBP scheme is in tatters. Since the launching of the BBBP, the CAG has conducted audit of the BBBP scheme in two States severely affected by CSR i.e. Haryana and Punjab. The CAG findings expose extremely poor implementation of the BBBP. An analysis of the HMIS data by Asian Centre for Human Rights shows that wrong statistics are being provided to claim success of the scheme.

Universal Periodic Review: India Fails Female Foeticide Test

December 2017

In its National report to the Universal Periodic Review, the Government of India raised the issue of female foeticide. Yet it rejected the recommendations pertaining to selective abortion on the basis of the sex of the fetus, female feticide and female infanticide. The report chronicles examination of the issue by the UPR.

The record of Medical Council of India against female foeticide

December 2017

Under the PC&PNDT Act, the State Medical Councils are authorized to cancel or suspend the medical licenses. Upto the quarter ending on ending March 2017, 416 convictions were secured under the PC&PNDT Act but only 114 medical licenses were cancelled/suspended. Corollary action for cancellation or suspension of medical licenses of 302 medical professionals had not taken place despite conviction by the courts.  This report examines the failure of the Medical Councils to combat female foeticide.

The State of Female Feticide in Gujarat

December 2017

Gujarat inaction on combating female foeticide is all pervasive. The PC&PNDT Act is seldom invoked while the State provides no incentive for retention of the girl child. It has not launched any successful sting operations. It also takes no action taken against manufactures/ suppliers/ dealers of USG machines for violations of the PC&PNDT Act

Female foeticide and India’s bride bazaar: The case of Haryana

December 2017

The drastic fall in child sex ratio as a result of female foeticide has made Haryana the epicenter of India’s bride bazaar. Unless a host of measures including compulsory registration of all marriages and marriage with the purchased bride is criminalised, trafficking for the purposes of marriage as a direct consequence of female foeticide will continue unabated.

The State of Female Foeticide in Punjab

November 2017

The Census 2011 suggested that as a religious group Sikhs indicated higher preference for boys than others. The Balri Rakshak Yojana launched in 2005 for retention of girl child registered only 650 beneficiaries by 2014. The retention of the girl child equally depended on the robust implementation of the PC&PNDT Act but the State has failed on that too.

The status of female foeticide in Maharashtra

November 2017

Maharashtra was the first State to enact a law to protect the female foetus much before the PC&PNDT Act. That Maharashtra recorded 9th lowest Child Sex Ratio among 35 States and UTs of India in 2011 with CSR of 894 against national CSR average of 919 speaks of the failure of the State Government. This report examines Maharashtra's losing battle against female foeticide.

Andhra Pradesh & Telangana: A trend setting initiative to combat female foeticide failed by diversion of funds

November 2017

Andhra Pradesh became the first State to enact a law, the Andhra Pradesh Bangaru Talli Girl Child Promotion and Empowerment Act, 2013 to combat female foeticide by providing financial incentives on achieving certain milestones in the life of girl child. However, this trend setting initiative has failed because of the diversion of the funds by the authorities.

Odisha: The State of Female Foeticide

November 2017

Child Sex Ratio has been consistently falling in Odisha as reflected from the census data: 1035 in 1961 to 941 in 2011.Though Odisha ranked 19th in skewed CSR among States and UTs of India, the fall in the CSR of certain districts during 2001 to 2011 has been drastic. Yet, the Biju Kanya Ratna Yojana against female foeticide does not cover Nayagarh, the district with the lowest CSR.

Corporate Social Irresponsibility: Companies & PC&PNDT Act

October 2017

The first ever study on the implementation of the Pre-conception and Pre-natal Diagnostic Techniques (Prohibition of Sex Selection) Act by the companies exposes that the PC&PNDT Act is not being complied with by the Companies and there is a need for appropriate penal actions against the Companies. Targeting end users is not enough.

The State of Female Foeticide in Assam

September 2017

Though Assam registered 43 points higher than the national CSR as per 2011 census, the consistent decline in the CSR from 1002 in 1971 to 975 in 1991 and from 975 in 1991 to 965 in 2001 and to 962 in 2011 is a matter of concern. The Majoni scheme has not been of much help to improve the sex ratio. Assam ought to take appropriate measures.

Rajasthan’s Record on the Missing Girls: India’s one-eyed king in the land of the blind?

July 2017

Rajasthan has failed to fully utilise its innovative Mukhbir Yojana because of non-filling up of various vacancies. It has also failed to implement the key recommendations of the CAG to counter female foeticide in the State. This report highlights the challenges and makes appropriate recommendations for implementation by the Government of Rajasthan.

Delhi: Disabling the Girl Child?

June 2017

By failing to ensure proper implementation of the Ladli Scheme and the PC&PNDT Act, the National Capital Territory of Delhi had secured the 4th place in the worst record of Child Sex Ratio as per 2011 census. The CSR is all set to drastically fall below 871 per 1,000 boys. The situation in Delhi reflects India’s losing battle against female foeticide across the country.

Missing Girls of Uttar Pradesh: An Agenda for CM Yogi Adityanath?

May 2017

In June 2017, Chief Minister Yogi Adityanath of Uttar Pradesh is all set to launch the Bhagya Laxmi Yojana for the girl child. The proposed Scheme however fails to address the issue of retention of girl child and contains disabling provisions. It also fails to address the findings of the CAG in "Performance Audit on Empowerment of Women Government of Uttar Pradesh”.

Female Foeticide Among the Dalits: The need for specific interventions

April 2017

Though the CSR decline among the Dalits at national level is not as alarming, their CSR in certain pockets have deteriorated significantly. The CSR of the Dalits in 104 districts recorded below 900. There are 50 districts which recorded CSR among SC population less than that of their respective district CSR.

Female foeticide in Tribal India: India’s last vestige falls

March 2017

Because of the absence of dowry, one of the primary causes of sex selection leading to female foeticide, the Scheduled Tribes are assumed not to practice sex selection. They consistently had much higher CSR. This report shows that the last vestige of India on female foeticide has fallen and the GoI is doing little to arrest the falling CSR among the STs.

Missing Daughters: J&K’s biggest challenge after insurgency?

February 2017

J&K is facing a monumental challenge on the missing girls as result of female foeticide. The Child Sex Ratio fell by drastic 79 points from 941 in 2001 to 862 in 2011 as technology enabling pre-conception and pre-natal sex determination and sex selective abortion became easily available. It is the Muslim majority which is practicing sex selectoin more than the Hindus in the State. Mahr, the reverse dowry had little impact on son preference.

Decoys & Mukhbirs: The unutilised instruments for enforcement of the PC&PNDT Act

January 2017

This is the first ever study examining decoys, Mukhbirs, and telephone helplines schemes of 13 States. Though nabbing those conducting sex selections during the act requires a pregnant woman willing to act as decoy customer or Mukhbirs, India has failed to launch a national scheme for enforcement of the PC&PNDT Act.

The State of Female Foeticide in Bihar

November 2016

The implementation of the PC&PNDT Act remains extremely poor. No license of any erring doctor was suspended in Bihar from inception of the PC&PNDT Act in 1994 to present despite cancellation of registration of 212 clinics, sealing of 139 clinics, suspension of 72 clinics and seizure of 104 sonography machines. It is as if only the machines are at fault!

The State of the PC&PNDT Act: India’s losing battle against female foeticide

November 2016

The State of the PC&PNDT Act: India’s losing battle against female foeticide is the first ever comprehensive study on the status of implementation of the Pre-Conception and Pre-Natal Diagnostic Techniques Act, 1994. It exposes the lack of seriousness to implement the Act despite falling Child Sex Ratio.

Madhya Pradesh: The land of female infanticide and foeticide in India

October 2016

Madhya Pradesh has the highest number of female infanticide and female foeticide. Despite being the first State to launch the Ladli Laxmi Scheme, there is no improvement of Child Sex Ratio...

The State of Female Foeticide in Goa

September 2016

From maintaining Child Sex Ratio (CSR) of well above 1,000 girls throughout the first sixty years of 20th century, Goa hit the rock bottom at the turn of the 21st century with CSR of 938 in 2001 before recovering slightly to 942 in 2011. Goa is the only State which legalises son preference. Not surprisingly MAMTA and Ladli Laxmi Scheme launched to arrest the declining child sex ratio and prevent female foeticide in Goa have failed.

The State of Female Foeticide in Uttarakhand

August 2016

If under-five mortality rate of 48 deaths per 1,000 births in India is taken into account in Uttarakhand context, as per the Annual Health Survey conducted by the Registrar General & Census Commissioner Child Sex Ratio in Uttarakhand would have reduced to 813 in 2011-2012 and 819 in 2012-2013. Not a single conviction was secured under the PCPNDT Act. Except one Utilisation Certificate submitted by District Program Officer of have no date, reference number and official stamp, raising serious doubts about the implementation of the Nanda Devi Kanya Yojona.

Judicial Reponse to the PC&PNDT Act

July 2016

The PC&PNDT Act was enacted in 1994 but there is simply little understanding of the Act and its implementation. This is the first repository of the judgments under the PC&PNDT Act aimed to create technical capacities among the stakeholders.

The State of Female Foeticide in Haryana

July 2016

This report highlights how Haryana, India's No.1 State with the lowest child sex ratio has been systematically failing to ensure retention of the girl child. In fact, its Ladli scheme discriminates against the first girl child who cannot get the benefits unless the second girl child is born in the family, and further penalises the surviving girl child by immediately forfeiting the benefits in case of death of any of the two girl child. All other measures including implementation of the PCPNDT Act are abysmal.

The State of Female Infanticide in Himachal Pradesh

July 2016

This report highlights absolute lack of seriousness of the Himachal Pradesh Government to combat female foeticide, the primary cause of the female infanticide. Under the Beti Hai Anmol Yojana, the State government provides a meager Rs 5,100 which is put in fixed deposit as post birth benefit and will become Rs 23,585 after 18 years at the current interest rate of 9% . Its coverage is extremely limited with no monitoring. Despite rampant female foeticide, only one conviction under the Preconception and Pre-Natal Diagnostic Techniques (Prohibition of Sex Selection) Act, 1994 (PCPNDT Act) took place in Himachal Pradesh during 2009 to December 2014.

Female Infanticide Worldwide: The case for action by the UN Human Rights Council

July 2016

This report examines female infanticide worldwide with Liechtenstein having the highest skewed sex ratio at birth with 126 males/100 females, followed by China, Armenia, India, Azerbaijan, Viet Nam, Albania, Georgia, South Korea, Tunisia, Nigeria, Pakistan and Nepal. The report exposes that not only ultrasonography machines but 'reproductive tourism' is the next cause of female foeticide. Millions of girls go missing each year and as per UNFPA over 170 million girls are missing in Asia alone. Yet, the UNSDGs failed to specifically refer to sex selective abortion as one of the harmful practices. There is an urgent need to mobilise the UN, other multilateral organisations and the member States of the UN for more proactive actions to address the menace of the “missing girls” worldwide.

The MTP Amendment Bill, 2014: India’s Beti Mar Do Campaign

May 2016

“The MTP Amendment Bill, 2014: India’s Beti Mar Do Campaign” is the first report examining how in its pursuit of introducing India’s civilisational values in the field of medicine, the Government of India has proposed further amendments to the Medical Termination of Pregnancy Act of 1971 in October 2014 to allow AYUSH practitioners (excluding Yoga and Naturopathy), homeopaths, nurses and auxiliary nurse midwife (ANM) to conduct abortions and also increase the gestation period for abortion from current 20 weeks to 24 weeks. This effectively means the Government of India launching Beti Mar Do (kill daughters) Campaign by increasing more risks to life during pregnancy and providing impetus to female foeticide.