Because of the absence of dowry, one of the primary causes of sex selection leading to female foeticide, the Scheduled Tribes are assumed not to practice sex selection. They consistently had much higher CSR. This report shows that the last vestige of India on female foeticide has fallen and the GoI is doing little to arrest the falling CSR among the STs.
J&K is facing a monumental challenge on the missing girls as result of female foeticide. The Child Sex Ratio fell by drastic 79 points from 941 in 2001 to 862 in 2011 as technology enabling pre-conception and pre-natal sex determination and sex selective abortion became easily available. It is the Muslim majority which is practicing sex selectoin more than the Hindus in the State. Mahr, the reverse dowry had little impact on son preference.
This is the first ever study examining decoys, Mukhbirs, and telephone helplines schemes of 13 States. Though nabbing those conducting sex selections during the act requires a pregnant woman willing to act as decoy customer or Mukhbirs, India has failed to launch a national scheme for enforcement of the PC&PNDT Act.
The implementation of the PC&PNDT Act remains extremely poor. No license of any erring doctor was suspended in Bihar from inception of the PC&PNDT Act in 1994 to present despite cancellation of registration of 212 clinics, sealing of 139 clinics, suspension of 72 clinics and seizure of 104 sonography machines. It is as if only the machines are at fault!
The State of the PC&PNDT Act: India’s losing battle against female foeticide is the first ever comprehensive study on the status of implementation of the Pre-Conception and Pre-Natal Diagnostic Techniques Act, 1994. It exposes the lack of seriousness to implement the Act despite falling Child Sex Ratio.
Madhya Pradesh has the highest number of female infanticide and female foeticide. Despite being the first State to launch the Ladli Laxmi Scheme, there is no improvement of Child Sex Ratio...
From maintaining Child Sex Ratio (CSR) of well above 1,000 girls throughout the first sixty years of 20th century, Goa hit the rock bottom at the turn of the 21st century with CSR of 938 in 2001 before recovering slightly to 942 in 2011. Goa is the only State which legalises son preference. Not surprisingly MAMTA and Ladli Laxmi Scheme launched to arrest the declining child sex ratio and prevent female foeticide in Goa have failed.
If under-five mortality rate of 48 deaths per 1,000 births in India is taken into account in Uttarakhand context, as per the Annual Health Survey conducted by the Registrar General & Census Commissioner Child Sex Ratio in Uttarakhand would have reduced to 813 in 2011-2012 and 819 in 2012-2013. Not a single conviction was secured under the PCPNDT Act. Except one Utilisation Certificate submitted by District Program Officer of have no date, reference number and official stamp, raising serious doubts about the implementation of the Nanda Devi Kanya Yojona.
The PC&PNDT Act was enacted in 1994 but there is simply little understanding of the Act and its implementation. This is the first repository of the judgments under the PC&PNDT Act aimed to create technical capacities among the stakeholders.
This report highlights how Haryana, India's No.1 State with the lowest child sex ratio has been systematically failing to ensure retention of the girl child. In fact, its Ladli scheme discriminates against the first girl child who cannot get the benefits unless the second girl child is born in the family, and further penalises the surviving girl child by immediately forfeiting the benefits in case of death of any of the two girl child. All other measures including implementation of the PCPNDT Act are abysmal.
This report highlights absolute lack of seriousness of the Himachal Pradesh Government to combat female foeticide, the primary cause of the female infanticide. Under the Beti Hai Anmol Yojana, the State government provides a meager Rs 5,100 which is put in fixed deposit as post birth benefit and will become Rs 23,585 after 18 years at the current interest rate of 9% . Its coverage is extremely limited with no monitoring. Despite rampant female foeticide, only one conviction under the Preconception and Pre-Natal Diagnostic Techniques (Prohibition of Sex Selection) Act, 1994 (PCPNDT Act) took place in Himachal Pradesh during 2009 to December 2014.
This report examines female infanticide worldwide with Liechtenstein having the highest skewed sex ratio at birth with 126 males/100 females, followed by China, Armenia, India, Azerbaijan, Viet Nam, Albania, Georgia, South Korea, Tunisia, Nigeria, Pakistan and Nepal. The report exposes that not only ultrasonography machines but 'reproductive tourism' is the next cause of female foeticide. Millions of girls go missing each year and as per UNFPA over 170 million girls are missing in Asia alone. Yet, the UNSDGs failed to specifically refer to sex selective abortion as one of the harmful practices. There is an urgent need to mobilise the UN, other multilateral organisations and the member States of the UN for more proactive actions to address the menace of the “missing girls” worldwide.
“The MTP Amendment Bill, 2014: India’s Beti Mar Do Campaign” is the first report examining how in its pursuit of introducing India’s civilisational values in the field of medicine, the Government of India has proposed further amendments to the Medical Termination of Pregnancy Act of 1971 in October 2014 to allow AYUSH practitioners (excluding Yoga and Naturopathy), homeopaths, nurses and auxiliary nurse midwife (ANM) to conduct abortions and also increase the gestation period for abortion from current 20 weeks to 24 weeks. This effectively means the Government of India launching Beti Mar Do (kill daughters) Campaign by increasing more risks to life during pregnancy and providing impetus to female foeticide.